Take These Steps to Protect Your Computer from a Virus

There are many ways in which one can protect their computer from viruses. Here are ten steps that you can take to protect your computer from virus.

  1. Make use of antivirus software – It is vital that you install an antivirus software in your computer so that they can block all those malicious viruses that are meant to harm your computer. The antivirus should always be updated and should be set up in a way that they can detect and delete any virus from your computer.
  2. Update Your Computer regularly – Those outdated versions of windows like Windows 95 and 98 are not the best option to use since they cannot be considered secure. It is important that you update your PC to the current Windows XP service pack 2 or upgrade to vista, which is supposed to replace Windows XP and it is also considered to be more secure than the other versions.
  3. Use updated Microsoft Window – Even if you are using a new computer there are some applications that need to be updated and it is important that you update your operating system. Make sure that you visit the Microsoft Window update website and update your operating system so as to make your computer more secure.
  4. Keep spyware blocked – Virus and spyware go hand in hand. So do not only protect your computer from viruses but also spyware. Be sure to download and install antispyware software that will block spyware from accessing your computer.
  5. Make use of Firewall – You have to ensure that you firewall well configured and installed in your computer so that you can protect your computer from hackers. Hackers are always working round the clock to try and get access to private information especially if you are using cable connections to the internet.
  6. Keep your software up-to-date – When using Microsoft Office, make sure that the versions you are using like Excel, Word, Outlook, PowerPoint, Publisher, Adobe Reader etc are all up to date. There are new patches that have been introduced by Microsoft Office which should be updated every now and then since they also improve security for your computer.
  7. Use password protection – If you always use your computer in the office and leave it unattended every now then, at least ensure that you are using password that is known only to you. It is better to use complex password since it will give hackers a hard time, especially if your computer is networked to other computers.
  8. Back up your data – Keep your data updated at all times. This will help you when your computer is infected and need to be cleaned. When you have your important documents and photos saved in USB or any other device, you will be sure that you will not them should you have a virus attack.
  9. Keep a list of experts – It is necessary that you take all necessary precautions and make sure that you have a list of experts who can help you within a short time whenever you need a hand. There are experts who know how to handle infected computers and make it good as new.
  10. Personal Biometric Devices – These are devices that will need you to use your fingerprints when you want to access services like internet banking, or even when making online purchases. This method will save you from trying to remember all passwords.

What is Computer Malware



Malware is a name that is derived from malicious software. Computer malware is therefore software that is used to interrupt computer operation; it does this through gathering sensitive information and getting access to private computer structures.

The malware is mainly used to work against the needs of the computer user, it is purely meant to cause harm to the computer intentionally. The software steals information and also used to spy on the user as he conducts his operations on the computer without his knowledge.

Computer malware is harmful software which comes with viruses, ransomware, Trojan horses, spyware, scareware and adware and many other hostile programs which are harmful to the computer. These malware are fixed in good files in the computer. While other malware like the spyware are normally entrenched in programs that are supplied by official companies which can always be downloaded from main websites that are always seen to be useful, but these can have extra hidden tracking roles that collects marketing data.

The computer malware was started as pranks but are now widely used by governments and black hat hackers who use it to gather and collect private information that they can use or even disrupt programs that are run by their competitors. Malware is also widely used to work against corporate and government websites to get protected information and sometimes to interrupt their programs and operations.

Computer malware can also be used against individuals to get access to personal information like bank passwords, personal identification, credit card numbers and other personal information. The computers which are at risk are those personal computers that are not well guarded and also those networked computers. It is therefore important to keep personal computers well protected, by use of firewall or any other available protective measures. When using networked computers you can use passwords on protected files so as to try and reduce chances of getting malware attack.

The most widely known and used malware are computer viruses and worms, may be because they are easily spread. Computer viruses are found in the computer operating system and can also be fixed in performing and operational programs, and usually fixed without the permission or consent of the user, and when it is running it spreads to other available programs in the computer. This therefore means that once the computer has been infected by virus malware, it will soon be fully infected if it is not dealt with early enough.

On the other hand, worms act alone and are normally found in a network where it transmits itself to affect other computers. This means that the user will not necessarily have to run a program for the worm to spread as it does in viruses, worms will automatically spread themselves, thus making it more deadly than viruses.

These computer malware can be cleaned out of the system once detected. They can be detected through many ways. For example, when a computer is infected by virus, it may become slow to open and also when running programs. It is important that the user installs software that can protect against any form of malware.